Information About Bihar, Bihar Ke Bare Me, बिहार के बारे में जानकारी

By Viper

Information About Bihar, Bihar Ke Bare Me,  बिहार के बारे में जानकारी
Information About Bihar, Bihar Ke Bare Me,  बिहार के बारे में जानकारी

History of Bihar (Patna) 

Ms. ViperFlick

Information About Bihar, Bihar Ke Bare Me,  बिहार के बारे में जानकारी

Table Of Content (toc)

INTRODUCTION

Bihar is a state in eastern India known for its ancient monuments and tourist attractions. Apart from being a Buddhist circuit, there are many things worth knowing in Bihar.

Bihar is a famous historical state located in the eastern part of India and its capital is Patna. It is the third-largest state of India in terms of population. 10 lines about Bihar, about Bihar in Hindi, about Bihar in English, why Bihar is famous, the population of Bihar in 2021, major industries in Bihar, all about Bihar, about Bihar history.

Bihar is one of the major states of India. It is bounded by the states of Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west, and Jharkhand in the south. Many rivers flow here, the main one being the Ganges. Other rivers are Son, Punpun, Falgu, Karmanasha, Durgavati, Kosi, Gandak, Sakri river, Ghaghra etc. Let's know:


Bihar बिहार 



Bihar Ke Bare Me,  Change your perspective about Bihar, बिहार के बारे में अपना नजरिया बदलें
About Bihar


    Bihar: Patna

    Area: 94,163 Square Kilometer

    Population:  124,799,926* people

    Main language: Hindi 



Basic Facts Of Bihar (बिहार के बुनियादी तथ्य)

  • Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar.

  • Nitish Kumar is the current Chief Minister of Bihar.

  • According to 2021, the total population of Bihar was 124.7 crores.

  • There is a total of 38 districts in Bihar state.

  • People here mainly speak in Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magadhi languages.

  • It is the 13th largest state in India by area and third in terms of population.

Historical Facts Of Bihar (बिहार के ऐतिहासिक तथ्य)

  1. Bihar came into existence at the time of the partition of Bengal in 1912. In 1935, Orissa and in 2000, Jharkhand was divided from Bihar.

  2. The regions of Bihar such as Magadha, Mithila, Anga, and Vaishali find mention in the religious texts and epics of ancient India.

  3. People used to come to Bodh Gaya and Pavapuri to attain peace and still come today.

  4. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, was born in Patna.

  5. Vardhaman Mahavira, the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in Vaishali around the 6th century BCE.

  6. Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern district of Gaya in Bihar.

State Emblem of Bihar (बिहार का राज्य चिह्न)

  • State Bird: Bird

  • State Flower: Kachnar

  • State Tree: Peepal Tree

History and Geography (इतिहास और भूगोल)

Present Bihar is made up of various historical regions. The regions of Bihar such as Magadha, Mithila, and Anga- are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. Spread over an area of 99 thousand 200 sq km, Bihar is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west, and Jharkhand in the south. Its international border is with Nepal which is in the north. Bihar shares its border with 3 neighboring states. These include Nepal in the north, Jharkhand in the south, West Bengal in the northeast, and Uttar Pradesh in the west. Patna city which is the capital of Bihar is the largest city. There are a total of 11 rivers in Bihar, which include Ganga, Koshi, Ghaghra, Gandak, etc.  Bihar is famous for tourists due to its historical monuments. Bihar is the state where there are ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramshila. Where Vishwamitra's ashram was where the initial education of Ram and Lakshman was completed. Nalanda University located in Bihar is the oldest university in the world.

Famous People of Bihar (बिहार के प्रसिद्ध लोग)

People like Chanakya, Aryabhatta, Guru Govind Singh, Dr. Rajendra Prasad,  Ashoka, Jayaprakash Narayan, and Bismillah Khan were also born in the holy land of Bihar.

  1. Aryabhatta

Aryabhatta who discovered zero was born in Bihar.

  1. Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh who was the last Guru of the Sikhs was born in Bihar.

  1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India was born in Bihar.


Education (शिक्षा)

At one time, Bihar was counted among the most important educational institutions of education. Nalanda University, Vikramshila University, and Odantapuri University were the glorious study centers of ancient Bihar. Today more IAS and IPS are coming out in Bihar than Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra, and Gujarat.

  1. University (विश्वविद्यालय)

  • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur

  • Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Motihari, East Champaran

  • South Bihar Central University, Bodh Gaya

  • Bihar Agricultural University Sabour, Bhagalpur

  • Patna University, Patna

  • Patliputra University, Patna

  • Magadh University, Bodh Gaya

  • Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur

  • Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur

  • Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga

  • Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga

  • Jaiprakash Narayan University, Chapra

  • Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University, Madhepura

  • Munger University, Munger

  • Purnea University, Purnia

  • Veer Kunwar Singh University, Arrah

  • Nalanda Open University, Patna

  • Maulana Mazharul Haq Arabi-Persian University, Patna

  • Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur

  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna


  1. Medical Institute (चिकित्सा संस्थान)


  • Patna Medical College Hospital, Patna

  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna

  • Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Patna

  • Buddha Dental Institute and Hospital, Patna

  • Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur

  • Rai Bahadur Tunki Sah Homoeopathic College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur

  • Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital, Gaya

  • Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasarai

  • Katihar Medical College and Hospital, Katihar

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Bhagalpur

  • Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences, Pawapuri, Nalanda

  • AIIMS Patna

  • Madhubani Medical College and Hospital Madhubani

  • Narayan Medical College Hospital Rohtas


  1. Engineering Institute (इंजीनियरिंग संस्थान)


  • National Institute of Technology, Patna

  • Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology


  1. Other Leading Educational Institutions (अन्य प्रमुख शैक्षणिक संस्थान)


  • Sherikalchar Institute Bhagalpur

  • Chanakya Law University, Patna

  • Anugrah Narayan Institute of Social Change, Patna

  • Lalit Narayan Mishra Institute of Social Change, Patna

  • Central Plastic Engineering Research Institute (CIPET), Hajipur

  • Central Institute of Medicinal Education and Research (NIPER), Hajipur

  • Institute of Hotel Management, Catering and Nutrition, Hajipur

  • Prakrit Institute of Jainism and Ahimsa, Vaishali


Important Links

People also ask

Q: What is the area of Bihar?

Ans: 94,163 km²


Q: What was the former name of Bihar state?

Ans: The old name of Bihar was known as Vihar and Magadha but the old name of Patna was once Patligram, Pataliputra, Palibothra, Palinaf, and Azimabad.


Q: What is the meaning of Bihar?

Ans: The word Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali language word "vihar" which means "dwelling" or a place to live. ... The present region of Bihar was known as Magadha from the Maurya to the Gupta period. The capital of Magadha was Pataliputra.


Q: When did Bihar get its name?

Ans: Chirand, located 11 km from Chapra, is the most important archaeological site of the Saran district (2000 AD). The name of this state was named Bihar due to the people of Buddhism living here. Mahabodhi Temple is situated on this holy land.


Q: How many districts are there in Bihar?

Ans: There are 38 districts in Bihar which are divided into 9 mandals. Bihar is an administrative state of India.


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